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Plastered Walls

Plastered walls are composed of three layers: a base coat, a thick coat of plaster for strength and a finishing coat for appearance. These may be applied over wood lath, metal mesh, special gypsum wallboard or masonry.

Patching Fine Cracks

  • Widen the crack to about 1/8-inch with the tip of a lever-type can opener.
  • Blow out the dust and debris.
  • With your finger or a putty knife, fill the crack with spackle.
  • Sand the spackle when dry, using a block wrapped with fine-grade sandpaper, sanding in a circular motion.
  • Prime the patch with sealer before painting.

Patching Wide Cracks

  • Undercut the crack with a lever-type can opener or a putty knife to help bond the new plaster.
  • Blow out dust and debris.
  • Dampen the crack with a wet paintbrush or sponge.
  • Use a putty knife to fill just over half the depth of the crack with patching plaster.
  • Score the plaster with a nail when firm, but not hard, to provide "bite" for the next layer.
  • Wet the dry patch again.
  • Use a broad knife to apply the next layer to within 1/8 to 1/4 inch of the surface.
  • Let the patch dry before applying the finish coat.
  • Fill with finishing plaster and scrape with a straight edge to remove excess plaster.
  • Experiment with different ways to achieve a good match for existing textures.
  • When dry, prime and paint.

 

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